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Chemical Peel Treatment and Types of Facial Peels

Chemical Peel Treatment

Chemical Peel Treatment
Chemical Peel Treatment

Nothing on this earth is temporary; everything changes with time and according to its surroundings. Similarly no one on this earth is blessed with an everlasting youthful and beautiful skin. As we ages our skin also changes and its surrounding also affects skin's health. Remember how soft and beautiful skin you've had when you were a child? Well, you cannot get back that beautiful skin but there are lot of skin treatments available now which can help you to reduce some of the skin's imperfections and ageing signs. With this advancement in science you can now treat fine lines, wrinkles, improve skin's texture and achieve some level of smoother and radiant skin. Chemical peel treatment is one such skin's treatments and used to treat many skin's problems including ageing signs.

So what do chemical peels do and how it benefits the skin? What are the benefits of chemical peels? What chemical peel you should consider? Where to get a chemical peel? Here are the answers to all your queries about chemical peels.

What is chemical peel treatment?

Chemical peeling (also called derma-peeling) is one of the oldest cosmetic procedures in the world and was performed by ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. Chemical peeling technique is used to improve the appearance of the skin that is typically performed on the face, neck or hands. Chemical peel improves the texture of the skin using a chemical solution which is applied to the skin. This chemical solution causes the dead skin to blister and eventually peel off and the new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. This new skin is also temporarily more sensitive to the sun, so a proper care should be taken after a chemical peel treatment.

What are the benefits of a chemical peel treatment?

  • Some of the major benefits of chemical peel treatment are for reducing or treating skin ageing signs. Some of them are:
  • Reduces fine lines under the eyes
  • Reduces wrinkles caused by sun damage and ageing.
  • Reduces age spots
  • Improves skin's appearance

Few other benefits of chemical peel treatments:

  • Improves the texture of the skin and makes it appear smoother.
  • Lightens the skin tone
  • Reduces blotchy patches
  • Chemical peels also help to treat certain types of acne.
  • Reduces scars and freckles
  • Improves sun damaged skin and dark spots.

What are the different types of chemical peels?

Superficial peels:

  • Superficial peels are the mildest type of chemical peel and can be used on all skin types. These peels remove only the dead cells of the epidermis and could be more properly referred to as exfoliation. Alpha Hydroxy Acids are commonly used for Superficial Peels.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid Peels:

The use of higher concentrations of AHA in salon treatments is becoming popular now days. This is the mildest of the peel formulas and produces light peels for treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne. AHA peels may be performed in conjunction with home care programs to treat many skin conditions. Some of them are:

  • Acne-prone skin
  • Ageing skin
  • Sun damage
  • Dehydration
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Clogged pores
  • Limitations and side effects of AHA peels:
  • AHA peels are not much effective in treating wrinkles.
  • May cause stinging sensations
  • Skin redness, mild skin irritation and dryness can also be experienced after an AHA peel.
  • One may require multiple sessions to get desired results.

Beta Hydroxy Acid Peels:

BHA peels are not stronger as AHAs and have ability to penetrate deeper into the pore as compared to AHA peels. So Beta Hydrody Peels are usually preferred over AHAs. Salicylic acid belongs to the Beta Hydroxy Acid and is among the new generation of products for improving the appearance of ageing skin. A superior exfoliant for ageing, sun damaged skin, salicylic acid reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and improves overall facial texture without the irritations associated with the AHA peels.

Studies have shown that BHA peels helps control sebum excretion, acne as well as remove dead skin cells to a certain extent better than AHAs due to AHAs only working on the surface of the skin. Because of all these benefits of Salicylic Acid, it is also used as important ingredients in most of the skin care products.

Medium depth peels:

These are carried out by dermatologists or cosmetic surgeons. Medium peel treatments essentially remove the entire epidermis and can vary in depth of dermal tissue removal. Trichloracetic Acid is the chemical commonly used for this type of peel.

TCA peels are uncomfortable during the process, but afterwards there is no discomfort and it takes about 10-12 days to heal from a good TCA peel. A medium peel causes a second-degree burn of the skin. There is little or no pain after the peel, but there may be some swelling, especially if the area around the eyes is treated. A TCA peel usually results in a smooth and even skin. TCA peels are preferred for darker-skinned patients over deep peels (Phenol peels).

Limitations and side effects of TCA peels
Limitations and side effects of TCA peels

Some of the benefits of TCA peel:

  • Reduces fine wrinkles
  • Helps to fade blemishes
  • Corrects skin pigmentation

Limitations and side effects of TCA peels:

  • Require repetitive treatments to maintain desired results
  • Treats only mild or moderate wrinkles
  • May take several days to heal, 10-12 days is the least count.
  • A proper skin care after a medium peel is must and one should avoid sun exposure until it heals. Also, use of a good sunscreen is must.
  • Re-treatment may be needed after 3 to 6 months to produce the best effect.

Deep chemical peels:

These are medical surgical peels which use highly acidic chemical called phenol to remove tissues. Phenol peels are the strongest and produces a deep skin peel. These are usually reserved for deeply wrinkled skin and skin that has been severely photo-damaged. Deep peels are not done on darker skin types, because they bleach the skin.

A deep peel causes a deeper second-degree burn of the skin. Skin re-growth may take between 10 to 14 days after a deep peel. The skin remains extremely red for 3 weeks, up to 2 months for some people. Complete healing of the skin may take longer time.

Some of the benefits of Phenol peel:

  • Smoothes our severe or deep wrinkles
  • Corrects blotches caused by long term sun exposure and ageing
  • Treats pronounced pigment changes
  • Helps tighten the skin

Limitations and side effects of Deep peels (Phenol peels):

  • After a deep peel one may require increased protection from the sun permanently

  • Many formulas cause permanent skin lightening by reducing the ability to produce pigment

You too planning for a chemical peel treatment? Here are some tips, precautions and do's and don’ts:

  • All chemical peels may not results same to everyone. Results may vary depending up on your skin type and lifestyle.

  • Some types of skin problems respond better to chemical peeling than others.

  • People with lighter skin who limit their sun exposure after the procedure tend to have better results than those with darker skin and those who continue to spend lots of time in the sun.

  • It is important that your doctor understand what you hope to achieve and that you understand what results you can realistically expect. So, before you actually go for a chemical peel treatment, sit with your dermatologist and discuss the common issues you face with your skin and the level of results you want to achieve.

  • During the early healing period after a chemical peel it is important to avoid exposure to the sun for several days after a chemical peel (depending to the chemical peel treatment) since the new skin is fragile and more susceptible to complications. After the early healing period has passed, you will need to wear sunscreen every day and limit sun exposure as much as possible.

  • You need to prepare yourself for how your skin will look immediately after the peel and throughout the healing process. You may need to use certain cosmetics or makeup to cover the differences between the treated and untreated area and the redness.

Risks are always involved when you want to achieve something which is not natural. Here are some risks which comes free with a chemical peel treatment:

  • Expect some redness of the skin after a chemical peel. With deeper peels or with certain skin types, redness can be severe.

  • In certain skin types, there is a risk of developing a temporary or permanent color change in the skin after a chemical peel.

  • Chemical peels may cause permanent sensitivity towards sun.

  • Deep peels using higher concentration of phenol rarely may cause severe complications; such as kidney, liver and heart failure. 

  • Swelling, scarring, allergic reaction and infections are some of other common side effects which are observed after a chemical peel.

Most of these side effects are rare and mostly happens when you ignore the doctor's instructions. So, always listen and follow to the dermatologist's instructions and stick to the provided guidelines.

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